Understanding Gum (Periodontal) Disease


Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, affects millions of people worldwide. At Dental Implant & Periodontal Specialists, we’re here to help you understand gum disease, how to prevent it, and when to seek professional help from a periodontist.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an inflammatory condition that affects the soft and hard structures supporting the teeth. It starts as gingivitis, which is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss and other oral health complications.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Some common signs of gum disease include:

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Bleeding while brushing or flossing
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in bite or fit of dentures

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s crucial to seek professional help to prevent further damage.

Preventing Gum Disease

The good news is that gum disease can often be prevented with proper oral hygiene and regular dental checkups. Here are some tips for preventing gum disease:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day, using a fluoride toothpaste
  • Floss daily to remove plaque from between your teeth and under the gumline
  • Visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings
  • Maintain a balanced diet and limit sugary snacks
  • Avoid tobacco products

Periodontal Therapy

If you’re diagnosed with gum disease, your dentist or periodontist may recommend periodontal therapy to treat the condition and restore your oral health. Depending on the severity of your gum disease, your treatment plan may include:

  • Scaling and root planing: A deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gumline and smooths the tooth roots to promote gum reattachment
  • Crown lengthening: A surgical procedure to remove excess gum and bone tissue, exposing more of the tooth’s surface
  • Periodontal maintenance: Ongoing dental cleanings and checkups to monitor and maintain your oral health

When to See a Periodontist

If your gum disease is severe or isn’t responding to standard dental treatments, it’s time to consult a periodontist. Periodontists are dental specialists who focus on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease. They have advanced training and expertise in treating complex cases and can help you maintain your oral health. Learn more about when to see a periodontist and how they can help you overcome gum disease.

At Dental Implant & Periodontal Specialists, we’re committed to helping you achieve a healthy, beautiful smile. Whether you need guidance on oral hygiene or expert care for gum disease, our team is here to support you every step of the way. Don’t let gum disease take control of your oral health – contact us today to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards a happier, healthier smile.